Do you want to improve your writing?
Try our new evaluation service and get detailed feedback. It's free!


HIV infection in MSM causes and effects

HIV infection among MSM is one of the main public health concerns across countries, regardless their socio-economic status and prevalence rate of HIV among general population. Vulnerability of this population is a result of biological and social factors. Firstly, anal sexual intercourse greatly increases risk of HIV infection. Secondly, widespread structural barriers, stigma and discrimination faced by MSM in most of the countries as well as homophobia and state sanctions against homosexuality promote environment in which MSM are more liable to get infected and less likely to access safe, high quality and acceptable healthcare services, including HIV counseling and testing.
Despite existing evidences, that persistent condom use and pre-exposure prophylaxis can significantly reduce individual risk of HIV acquisition among MSM population, effective HIV prevention for KAPs is still far from achieving the global targets to end HIV epidemic. In order to ensure effective prevention and control of the infection, combination prevention strategies including behavioural, biomedical and structural methods should be used by countries. Among the preventive methods, HIV testing and counselling (HTC) is one of the most effective interventions to prevent HIV infection. Apart from early diagnosis, it encourages people to modify behaviors in order to prevent HIV infection or transmission. Besides this, cost-effectiveness of HCT services has been proved and therefore, it has been widely promoted in low-middle income countries.
The various individual and structural factors in- and outside the healthcare system influence on the utilization of HIV counseling and testing. On the one hand, individual factors, such as knowledge and perception of individual risks, as well as attitude towards and fear of HIV (in correlation with stigma and negative reactions to disclosure), on the other hand, healthcare factors, like acceptability and quality of services including provider-client relationship, service design alter individual’s behavior towards counseling and testing culture. Therefore, understanding the individual, local and socio-cultural aspect of HTC services utilization is useful for the programs in similar settings. It is imperative to explore the utilization of HTC among such vulnerable population.
HIV infection among MSM is one of the main public health concerns across countries, regardless their
socio-economic
status and prevalence rate of HIV among general population. Vulnerability of this population is a result of biological and social factors.
Firstly
, anal sexual intercourse
greatly
increases risk of HIV infection.
Secondly
, widespread structural barriers, stigma and discrimination faced by MSM in most of the countries
as well
as homophobia and state sanctions against homosexuality promote environment in which MSM are more liable to
get
infected and less likely to access safe, high quality and acceptable healthcare services, including HIV counseling and testing.

Despite existing evidences, that persistent condom
use
and
pre-exposure
prophylaxis can
significantly
reduce
individual risk of HIV acquisition among MSM population, effective HIV prevention for
KAPs
is
still
far from achieving the global targets to
end
HIV epidemic. In order to ensure effective prevention and control of the infection, combination prevention strategies including
behavioural
, biomedical and structural methods should be
used
by countries. Among the preventive methods, HIV testing and counselling (
HTC
) is one of the most effective interventions to
prevent
HIV infection. Apart from early diagnosis, it encourages
people
to modify behaviors in order to
prevent
HIV infection or transmission.
Besides
this, cost-effectiveness of HCT services has
been proved
and
therefore
, it has been
widely
promoted in low-middle income countries.

The various individual and structural factors in- and outside the healthcare system influence on the utilization of HIV counseling and testing. On the one hand, individual factors, such as knowledge and perception of individual risks,
as well
as attitude towards and fear of HIV (in correlation with stigma and
negative
reactions to disclosure),
on the other hand
, healthcare factors, like acceptability and quality of services including provider-client relationship, service design alter individual’s behavior towards counseling and testing culture.
Therefore
, understanding the individual, local and
socio-cultural
aspect of
HTC
services utilization is useful for the programs in similar settings. It is imperative to explore the utilization of
HTC
among such vulnerable population.

Other IELTS writings:

  1. IELTS Bar Chart - USA Fast Food Consumption
  2. Education plays important role in development of children do u agree or diagree
  3. Birth and death rates in New Zealand
  4. The pie chart illustrates the crucial causes why agriculture is getting less productive and how these causes affected 3 regions in the table during the 1990s.
  5. In the future, self-driving cars will replace human drivers. Is that a positive or negative development?
  6. A sole journey with a magical events
  7. The maps show the changes Felixstone.
  8. describe a yelling man who you had experienced.
  9. There is a trend in the 21 century in which people are turning to alternative healing like Ayurveda and homeopathy over allopathic medicine. Discuss the Advantages and disadvantages of this approach.
  10. My Erasmus+ Memories at Poland in 2019